Public opinion on carbohydrates has shifted over the years. In the 1980’s and 90’s, American’s were fat phobic and consumed high amounts of carbohydrate. Now, carbohydrates are vilified as the primary driver of the obesity epidemic and low carb diets such as the ketogenic diet are all the rage. However, the human body requires carbohydrates to function properly and carbs are part of a well rounded, healthy eating pattern. Most people can identify that carbohydrate is found in sugary foods and beverages and starchy foods like grains, breads, pastas, and potatoes. However, carbohydrate is also found in high amounts in foods such as fruits, vegetables, dairy, and legumes. Diets that include carbohydrates in the form of fruits, vegetables, low-fat dairy products, whole grains, and legumes are associated with lower rates of chronic disease and can promote improved athletic performance.
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